What are Causes of Depression: In our modern world, it is common to feel stressed, anxious, and depressed. The pressures of school, work, and personal relationships can take their toll on anyone. Indeed, many people suffer from some form of depression at some point in their lives.
This article will explore the symptoms of depression, its causes and potential cures. Keep reading to understand more about this condition and how you can help yourself or someone you know who may be suffering from depression.
What is Depression?
Depression is a psychological condition that affects your mood and capacity to work. Depressive symptoms include feelings of sadness, anxiety, or hopelessness. The illness can also create difficulties with thinking, memory, eating, and sleeping.
An diagnosis of major depressive disorder (clinical depression) means that you have felt sad, down, or worthless on most days for at least two weeks while also experiencing other symptoms such as sleep problems, loss of interest in activities, or a change in appetite.
Without treatments, depression can increase and remain longer. In severe situations, it might result in self-harm or death. Fortunately, treatments for depression can be very beneficial.
Types of depression
Depression types are classified by healthcare experts based on their symptoms and causes. These events frequently have no evident cause. They can stay far longer in some persons than others for no clear cause.
Perinatal and postpartum depression:
“Perinatal” refers to the period immediately preceding birth. This is sometimes referred to as postpartum depression. During pregnancy and for up to a year following childbirth, perinatal depression can develop. Symptoms extend beyond “baby blues,” which produce mild melancholy, concern, or stress.
MDD (major depressive disorder):
Major depression (clinical depression) is characterised by severe or overpowering symptoms that linger for more than two weeks. These symptoms make daily life difficult.
Bipolar disorder is defined by alternating moments of low mood and extraordinarily high energy (manic). During the low period, they may experience depression symptoms such as sadness, hopelessness, or a lack of energy.
PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder):
A severe form of premenstrual disorder is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMS). It affects women in the days or weeks preceding their menstrual cycle.
Psychotic depression is characterised by severe depressed symptoms as well as delusions or hallucinations. Delusions are unfounded beliefs in things, whereas hallucinations involve seeing, hearing, or being touched by things that aren’t truly there.
SAD (seasonal affective disorder):
Seasonal depression, also known as seasonal affective disorder, typically begins in late autumn or early winter. It usually fades away in the spring and summer.
PDD (persistent depressive disorder):
Dysthymia is another name for PDD. PDD symptoms are less severe than major depressive symptoms. However, PDD symptoms might last for two years or more.
Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety
Symptoms of Depression in women | Symptoms of Depression in men:
Although you might only experience depression once in your lifetime, most people experience many periods. During these periods, symptoms can include any of the following and may last for the majority of the day:
- Loss of enjoyment or interest in the majority or all of the typical activities, such as hobbies, sports, or sex.
- Sleep disorders, such as excessive or insufficient sleep.
- Sadness, tearfulness, emptiness, or hopelessness
- Angry outbursts, impatience, or frustration, even over little issues
- Lack of energy and stress make even little chores more difficult.
- Weight loss and decreased appetite, or weight gain and increased desires for food
- A feeling of unease, anxiety, or worry
- Slow speaking, posture, or other body movements
- Feelings of guilt or worthlessness, a fixation on mistakes made in the past, or self-blame
- Thoughts of suicide, death, or other suicidal behaviour on a regular basis or repeatedly
- Undiagnosed physical issues like headaches or back pain
- Problems with memory, concentration, decision-making, and thought
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Symptoms of depression in teens
Sadness, irritability, feelings of negativity and worthlessness, anger, poor performance or poor attendance at school, feeling misunderstood and extremely sensitive, using recreational drugs or alcohol, eating or sleeping excessively, self-harm, loss of interest in normal activities, and avoidance of social interaction are some of the symptoms that teens may experience.
Symptoms of depression in older adults
It is never good to ignore depression because it is not a natural part of ageing. The unfortunate reality is that older persons with depression frequently go undiagnosed and untreated, and they may be hesitant to ask for help. In elderly persons, depression symptoms could be different or less obvious. Such as:
- Aches and pains throughout the body.
- Memory problems or personality changes.
- Often preferring to stay at home rather than going out to mingle or try new things.
- Suicidal thoughts or feelings, particularly in elderly males.
- Fatigue, loss of appetite, sleep issues, or loss of desire in sex – these are not symptoms of a medical illness or medication.
What are causes of depression and anxiety
Many factors can increase the chance of depression, the following are the factors that can cause depression:
Elderly people are more likely to suffer from depression. Other variables, like as living alone and a lack of social support, can exacerbate this.
- Several medications
Some medications, such as isotretinoin (used to treat acne), interferon-alpha (an antiviral medicine), and corticosteroids, can raise your risk of depression.
Personal problems or confrontations with family members or friends may result in depression in someone who is biologically vulnerable to it.
- Loss or death
Though natural, sadness or grief following the death or loss of a loved one might increase the risk of depression.
Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can increase your risk of depression later in life.
Women are roughly twice as likely as males to get depression. Nobody knows why. The hormonal changes that women experience at various stages of their lives may play an impact.
- Big events
Even positive events, such as starting a new job, graduating, or marrying, can lead to depression. Moving, losing a job or money, getting divorced, or retirement can all have an impact. Clinical depression, on the other hand, is never merely a “natural” reaction to stressful life events.
- Other personal issues
Social isolation caused by other mental diseases, or being cast out of a family or social group, can all increase the chance of developing clinical depression.
- Serious diseases
Sometimes a serious illness co-occurs with depression, and other illnesses can also cause depression.
Depression in the family may raise the risk. Since depression is considered to be a complicated trait, it is more likely that there are numerous small-effect genes at play than a single gene that increases the risk of developing the condition. Such other mental disorders, the genetics of depression is not as clear-cut or easy as it is in diseases that are solely genetic, like Huntington’s chorea or cystic fibrosis.
What are the risk factors of depression and anxiety
There are a number of things that may increase your chance of getting depressed or even starting it:
- Events that are traumatic or unpleasant, such as sexual or physical abuse, the loss of a loved one, a challenging relationship, or financial difficulties.
- Being intersex or having variances in the development of genital organs that aren’t obviously male or female (lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender) in an unsupportive environment.
- Serious or enduring illness, such as cancer, heart disease, stroke, or chronic pain.
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Popular and Newer Treatments for depression
Regular exercise, enough sleep, and spending time with people you care about can help alleviate depression symptoms.
- Alternative therapy
People suffering from mild depression or cause similar can benefit from complementary therapy. Massage, acupuncture, hypnosis, and biofeedback are all forms of therapy.
Talking with a mental health expert is referred to as counselling or psychotherapy. Your counsellor will assist you in addressing your issues and developing coping strategies. Sometimes only a few sessions of counselling are required. Others stay in therapy for a longer period of time.
Antidepressants, which are prescription medications, can help modify the brain chemistry that causes depression. Antidepressants can take many weeks to work. Some antidepressants have side effects that usually go away with time. If they don’t, contact your service provider. Different drugs may be more effective for you.
- Therapy for brain stimulation:
People suffering from severe depression or depression with psychosis may benefit from brain stimulation therapy. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and vagus nerve stimulation are all forms of brain stimulation therapy (VNS).
How to stop yourself from depression?
Anyone, regardless of age, gender, or circumstances, can suffer from depression. Every year, over 16 million Americans experience depression.
Women are more likely than men to experience depression. Furthermore, your genetics or other health issues can raise your chances of experiencing at least one depressed episode during your lifetime.
Get enough sleep, eat a good diet, and engage in regular self-care activities like exercise, meditation, and yoga to help prevent depression.
If you’ve ever experienced depression, you’re more likely to suffer from it again. Seek treatment if you are experiencing depression symptoms. Caring for yourself can help you feel better faster.