Everything you need to know about Cirrhosis: Cirrhosis of the liver is a long-term and incurable disease. Because the cells of the body have irreversible changes that are not going to go back (hepatocytes). In other words, healthy parenchymal liver tissue is replaced by fibrous (scar) fibres, which change the shape of the organ. As a result, the liver can no longer do its job.
Cirrhosis of the liver is the most common digestive system disease that leads to death, and it is the most common. Today, many people with similar condition are dying frequently. According to the WHO, 80% of all liver cirrhosis cases in countries that aren’t tropical are caused by alcohol, which isn’t good for your liver. About 75% of people with cirrhosis are men. So, here’s everything you need to know about cirrhosis.
Everything you need to know about Cirrhosis- Its Causes!
- According to current estimates, 40 to 80 percent of patients get the disease because they drink too much.
- Infection with hepatitis B and C by a virus.
Also, the disease can grow because of things like:
- There are many types of auto-immune hepatitis, and in most cases, it leads to liver damage.
- diseases of the biliary tract.
- heart trouble.
- poisoning by different chemicals or drugs
- Hereditary factors can lead to metabolic disorders.
- It is also possible to have an illness with an uncertain etiology, which implies that it is impossible to determine what caused the sickness in 10 percent to 35 percent of instances.
People who have liver cirrhosis are put into groups and have different types. Specialists have come up with a lot of different ways to classify this disease. There are different types of cirrhosis based on what caused it to happen.
- Most of the time, viral hepatitis B and C are the cause of this.
- It can also happen due to excessive intake of alcohol
- As a result of some diseases that the patient’s parents had (eg, hemochromatosis, glycogenosis).
- venous stasis in the liver caused by a lack of blood flow from the right heart
- exchange and alimentary.
- of unclear etiology.
Classification by morphological features
- It’s called “micronodular,” and the nodes are small (1-3 mm).
- Large-node (macronodular): The diameter of the nodes is more than 3 mm.
- Mixed together (both types of nodes are present).
The stages of cirrhosis on the Child-Pugh scale are:
- compensatory: during this time, the clinical signs of cirrhosis are either absent or mild.
- portal hypertension starts and progresses, and liver function is harmed.
- decompensated – develops liver failure.
The signs of liver cirrhosis- Everything you need to know about Cirrhosis!
Early on in the disease, there aren’t many signs, and they don’t show up at all. At this point, most of the time, the patients’ complaints are like this:
- reduced efficiency.
- rapid fatigue.
- pain in the right hypochondrium.
Later, as the disease progresses, jaundice is observed – a disorder of pigment metabolism caused by an increase in the level of bilirubin in the blood with its subsequent deposition in the tissues, which leads to their yellowing. A person can have three types of jaundice at the same time.
This happens when there is too much indirect bilirubin, which doesn’t have time to conjugate liver cells. Newborns are usually born with them. Lemon-yellow skin and conjunctiva are common, and dark urine and itchy skin are not common signs.
Hepatic parenchyma is caused by problems with intrahepatic metabolism and bilirubin transport. Skin Yellowness, visible mucous membranes, dark colored urine and discoloration of faeces, acute pain in the right hypochondrium, and dark colour urine are all signs of the sickness.
The term mechanical (subhepatic) means that bile flow into the duodenum is slowed down and it is accompanied by high levels of bilirubin in the blood, yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, conjunctiva. Also, as the disease of liver cirrhosis worsen, the following symptoms start showing on human body:
The common symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis
- nausea, vomiting.
- Weight loss for no reason.
- poor tolerance of fatty foods.
- white nails
- vascular “stars”.
- bleeding from the esophagus, intestines.
- hemorrhoidal bleeding.
- Hepatomegaly, which is when the liver grows in a bad way, is common.
Treatment of liver cirrhosis
In order to treat liver cirrhosis, you must follow the doctor’s instructions closely and stop smoking and drinking alcohol completely. This procedure will take time. Cirrhosis causes irreversible liver processes that can’t be reversed, and it’s impossible to get rid of it. With early treatment, it is possible to make up for the disease and keep the diseased liver working well for a long time. The ultimate objective of therapy is to eliminate both the underlying causes and the symptoms of the condition.
With viral hepatitis, give antiviral drugs. If cirrhosis is caused by blocked or narrowed bile ducts, use non-invasive methods to help the bile flow out. Immunosuppressants should be given to people with autoimmune cirrhosis.
Also among the drugs used for the treatment of Liver Cirrhosis:
- Antibiotics, diuretics, and other medicines may be given.
One of the most important parts of the treatment of liver cirrhosis is what you eat. Adequate nutrition can be a great help in preventing the disease and getting rid of its causes. The most important thing in the diet is to not drink alcohol or smoke, as well as to not eat spicy, too salty, or spicy foods very often. It is up to a doctor to tell the patient what to eat based on their stage of the disease and general health.
Liver transplantation is a very extreme way to get better. The last thing to do is to use this method if all of the others haven’t worked and the disease has reached the last, decompensated, stage.
Prevention of liver cirrhosis
The best way to avoid liver cirrhosis is to stop immediately alcohol consumption, consuming drugs, and smoking. Take all possible care of your body in order to prevent viral hepatitis. Early treatment is mandatory before it gets worse. Healthy living and a well-balanced diet are also important parts of preventive measures. So, this is everything you need to know about cirrhosis.